Report 541
Identification of important marine areas in the UK for red-throated divers (Gavia stellata) during the breeding season
(2015)
Black, J., Dean B.J., Webb A., Lewis, M., Okill D. and Reid J.B.
JNCC and SNH aim in this report to identify those marine areas used for foraging by red-throated divers (Gavia stellata) during the breeding season for possible further consideration.
 

Introduction

The Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) currently is progressing work to identify Special Protection Areas (SPAs) in the marine environment (Johnston et al 2002), to fulfil the requirements of the EU Birds Directive (1979, codified version 2009) on the conservation of wild birds (commonly known as the Birds Directive). The Birds Directive requires Member States to identify and classify the most suitable territories in number and size as special protection areas (SPAs) for the conservation of those bird species that are listed as rare or vulnerable species in Annex 1 of the Directive, and for regularly occurring migratory species.
 
The Birds Directive states that conservation measures should be taken both in ‘the geographical sea and land area’, but most SPAs in the United Kingdom (UK) currently do not include marine areas beyond the mean low water mark (or mean low water springs in Scotland). Work to identify the most important marine bird sites which may be further considered for SPAs beyond the low water mark is currently being undertaken by the Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) in collaboration with the four UK statutory nature conservation bodies (SNCBs): Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH), the Natural Resources Wales (NRW), Natural England (NE) and the Department of the Environment, Northern Ireland (DOENI). As far as possible the UK SPA selection guidelines applied in the identification of terrestrial SPAs (Stroud et al 2001) are also applied in the marine environment. As part of this work JNCC and SNH aim to identify those marine areas used for foraging by red-throated divers (Gavia stellata) during the breeding season for possible further consideration.

 
 
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ISSN 0963 8091
 
Please cite as: Black, J., Dean B.J., Webb A., Lewis, M., Okill D. and Reid J.B., (2015), Identification of important marine areas in the UK for red-throated divers (Gavia stellata) during the breeding season, JNCC Report 541, ISSN 0963 8091