Partnerships that deliver surveillance and monitoring

JNCC’s surveillance programme aims to contribute to the overall surveillance and monitoring needs within countries and the UK as a whole. It achieves this by supporting efficient schemes that meet multiple requirements and support uses at UK, country and, where relevant, local scales.  The programme invests with partners in long term schemes, most of which depend on the huge contribution of time and effort by skilled volunteers. Schemes are sufficiently widespread and systematic to allow assessing trends in distribution and/or population. Although the schemes are taxonomically based, in many cases their sampling strategies are designed to make them sensitive to the environmental and anthropogenic drivers of change (pressures) operating at broad scales. Through analysis they can provide information relevant to a wide range of policies.



 Red deer stag roaring during the rutting season, Kilmory, Isle of Rum. @ Laurie Campbell, SNH.



Common Blue © Peter Eeles, Butterfly Conservation




Euphrasia anglica, Eyebright © Bob Gibbons



Many of these schemes are delivered through a working contractual relationship between organisations, including JNCC providing support and government funding. Others are based on shared analysis of data. JNCC itself leads the Seabird Monitoring Programme, with the support of its partners. Further details of these schemes, including more information on what they involve, how they are run and their species and geographical coverage, are provided in the

 UK EOF catalogue

JNCC provides updates to UK EOF on the progress and development of our involvement in terrestrial biodiversity schemes; updated information on marine schemes is provided via the UK DMOS input. Open access to biodiversity data is growing fast, especially online from websites of individual schemes or via shared portals like the National Biodiversity Network (NBN) Gateway. The NBN Gateway, the Biodiversity Action Reporting System (BARS), indicator initiatives and reporting systems are not included in the UK EOF database because these are solely methods of information dissemination and are not monitoring or surveillance schemes per se. These are, however, important complements of the surveillance framework.


Data uses

These partnership surveillance schemes can provide data used to guide species and habitat management at site and wider countryside scales in the UK, and for migratory species also in Europe and internationally.

Schemes provide trends data for over 270 species of birds, bats and butterflies. The NPMS will provide several hundred plant trends over the next three years. JNCC is responsible for producing eight National Official Statistics on UK Biodiversity, using data collected through these schemes. These represent a variety of species and habitats, including monitoring of the UK protected areas network, and come together to construct an up-to-date overview of current status and ongoing trends of UK biodiversity.  This picture illustrates the long term drivers of change in UK wildlife and its response to changing conditions.

Data also contributes to production of the UK Biodiversity Indicators. These indicators contribute to reporting on the progress towards the Aichi targets, set out in the CBD’s Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. Data collected can also be used in reporting on EU Directives and their implementation.

JNCC works towards using data collected from these existing monitoring schemes to answer new ecological questions, for example establishing the impacts of GM crops on biodiversity.


Partner Organisations


BBS – British Bryological Society, BC – Butterfly Conservation, BCT – Bat Conservation Trust, BRC – Biological Records Centre, BSBI – Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland, BTO - British Trust for Ornithology,  CEH – Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, DEFRA – Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, DECLG- Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government (NI), FC – Forestry Commission, GWCT – Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust, JNCC - Joint Nature Conservation Committee,  MBL- Manx BirdLife, MNH- Manx National Heritage, NBN - National Biodiversity Network, NE – Natural England, NERC – Natural Environment Research Council, NIEA – Northern Ireland Environment Agency, NRW – Natural Resources Wales, NSS – National Schemes and Societies, NT- National Trust, NTS – National Trust for Scotland, PL- Plantlife, RBBP - Rare Breeding Birds Panel, RSPB – Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, SG – Scottish Government, SGG- States of Guernsey Government,  SNH – Scottish Natural Heritage, SOTEAG – Shetland Oil Terminal Environmental Advisory Group, SWT- Scottish Wildlife Trust, TSG – The Seabird Group, WWT – Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust

British Bryological Society logo Butterfly Conservation logo  Bat Conservation Trust logo  Biological Records Centre logo BSBI logo

British Bryological Society


Butterfly Conservation

Bat Conservation Trust

Biological Records Centre

Botanical Society for Britain and Ireland 

 British Trust for Ornithology logo  Centre for Ecology and Hydrology  Defra logo ehlg logo  Forestry Commission logo
British Trust for Ornithology Centre for Ecology and Hydrology Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Department of the Environment, Community and Local Government (NI)
Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust logo  JNCC Logo (globe) manx birdlife logo manx national heritage logo NBN logo 
Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust Joint Nature Conservation Committee  Manx BirdLife Manx National Heritage National Biodiversity Network 
 Natural England logo NERC logo

NIEA logo

Natural Resources Wales

 national trust logo 


Natural England Natural Environment Research Council Northern Ireland Environment Agency Natural Resources Wales

National Trust


National Trust for Scotland logo

Plantlife logo  Rare Breeding Birds Pannel Image of Royal Society for the Protection of Birds logo  Scottish Government logo 
The National Trust for Scotland Plantlife Rare Breeding Birds Panel Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

Scottish Government 

 guernsey logo

SNH logo

SOTEAG logo 


Scottish Wildlife Trust  

The Seabird Group logo

States of Guernsey Government Scottish Natural Heritage Shetland Oil Terminal Environmental Advisory Group Scottish Wildlife Trust The Seabird Group
    Image of Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust logo    
    Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust