JNCC’s role in tackling invasive non-native species

Invasive non-native species (INNS) can best be tackled through co-ordinated responses. We aim to help with the development of strategic and co-ordinated responses wherever possible.

 

The priorities are to:

 

Develop European and global responses

The UK is a party to a number of global Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) in both terrestrial and marine environments. JNCC provides technical advice to Government on the development and implementation of non-native species and wildlife disease issues across the MEAs and is now looking forward to informing the UK position in future through an action plan on invasive non-native species.

 

In Europe we gather information on INNS policy issues and provide advice on developments to UK stakeholders.

 

Advise the governments of the UK, Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies on how to reduce the impact of INNS

The UK is well placed to respond to international recommendations about how to deal with INNS via the GB Invasive Non-Native Species Framework Strategy and on wildlife disease issues via Defra’s Wildlife Health Strategy . However, neither applies to the UK’s Overseas Territories (OTs) and Crown Dependencies (CDs), which are already suffering from the impact of INNS and where the implications of wildlife disease are largely unaddressed.

 

We seek support for further measures aimed at eradicating and controlling INNS in the territories and dependencies and to prevent new INNS gaining a foothold in future.

 

Help implement the INNS Framework Strategy for GB

 

The framework provides a focus on the effects of INNS on biodiversity on land and in the marine environments. JNCC also has a role to ensure delivery of the framework in UK offshore waters beyond 12 nautical miles.

 

JNCC is a member of the GB Programme Board and represents the views and concerns of the country conservation agencies. We also liaise with the Northern Ireland Environment Agency to maintain common approaches in the GB and All Ireland Strategies.

 

The country conservation agencies implement the GB Strategy at country level through country working groups, representation on the GB Rapid Response Group and working in the inshore marine environment. Natural England has recently drafted a Policy Statement on INNS.

 

In the marine environment, we also provide representation at relevant fora such as the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic (OSPAR), the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and the Healthy and Biologically Diverse Seas Evidence Group (HABSEG).

 

Promote collection and dissemination of evidence on non-native species impacts

Predicting the environmental impacts of non-native species and diseases is complex. For diseases, likely environmental impacts can be identified using a range of information such as the distribution of host species, climate and likely dispersal routes. JNCC advises on available data sources and analytical procedures. For example, to help predict the impact of the plant-damaging water mould, Phytophthora, we have recently undertaken distribution modelling of its host plants.

 

Non-native species information

 

JNCC is currently playing a role in the development of a Non-Native Species Information Portal . The portal has been commissioned by Defra from the Biological Records Centre .

It will act as a hub for information about all non-native species in Great Britain. The portal will link directly to the National Biodiversity Network (NBN) to make the most current maps and information available to uses. Collection of non-native species population information on is being addressed through the UK Terrestrial Biodiversity Surveillance Strategy .

 

We also provide advice on analysis and interpretation of data, both within the UK and internationally, and maintain an overview of international databases. In addition, JNCC maintains an overview of emerging research needs and promotes the short-term and long-term research agenda for INNS to research funders.