UKBAP logoUK BAP priority marine species

 

A list of UK BAP priority marine species, created between 1995 and 1999, and subsequently updated in response to the Species and Habitats Review Report (PDF, 1.3Mb), published in 2007, is provided in the table below.  The table also provides details of the species' occurences in the waters around the four UK countries, and describes whether the species was an 'original' species (on the original list created between 1995 and 1999), or was added following the 2007 review.  All original species were provided with Species Action Plans (SAPs), species statements, or are included within grouped plans or statements, whereas there are no published plans for the species added in 2007.

UK BAP priority species were those that were identified as being the most threatened and requiring conservation action under the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UK BAP).  However, as a result of devolution, and new country-level and international drivers and requirements, much of the work previously carried out by the UK BAP is now focussed at a country-level rather than a UK-level, and the UK BAP was succeeded by the 'UK Post-2010 Biodiversity Framework' in July 2012.  The UK list of priority species, however, remains an important reference source and has been used to help draw up statutory lists of priority species in EnglandNorthern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

Current scientific names and commonly used synonyms derive from the Nameserver facility of the National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary, which is managed by the Natural History Museum.  More detailed information about the distribution and taxonomy of these species can be found using the NBN Gateway, and details of the original Species Action Plans (SAPs), generated between 1995 and 1999, can be found on the original (archived) UK BAP website, or on the BARS 1 website, which was archived in April 2012 following the launch of BARS 2.

JNCC have collated already-published information from a variety of sources for all of the UK BAP priority species, to bring these data together into a single report, or 'species account'.  All of this information is already available on either the JNCC website, the NBN Gateway, or the BARS 1  website.  Each individual species account can be accessed by selecting the name in the table below, or through the priority species accounts spreadsheet.  For more detail about the information within the species accounts, visit the Priority species accounts page>>.

 

 
UK BAP priority marine species & occurrence (England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland)

Scientific name and link
to species account

NBN common
name

Taxon

England

Scotland

Wales

Northern
Ireland

Original UK BAP
species?

Ammodytes marinus

Lesser Sandeel

bony fish

Y

 

Y

Y

Y

 

Amphianthus dohrnii

 

Sea-fan Anemone

cnidarian

Y

Y

N

N

Yes – SAP

Anotrichium barbatum

Bearded Red Seaweed

alga

Y

N

Y

N

Yes SAP

Aphanopus carbo

Black Scabbardfish

bony fish

 

Y

N

 

Yes grouped plan

Arachnanthus sarsi

Scarce Tube-dwelling Anemone

cnidarian

N

Y

N

Y

 

Arrhis phyllonyx

 

crustacean

N

Y

N

Y

 

Ascophyllum nodosum ecad mackaii

Wig Wrack or Sea-loch Egg Wrack

alga

 

Y

N

 

Yes SAP

Atrina fragilis

Fan Mussel

mollusc

Y

Y

Y

Y

Yes SAP

Balaenoptera acutorostrata

Minke Whale

sea mammal

Y

Y

Y

Y

Yes grouped plan

Balaenoptera borealis

Sei Whale

sea mammal

Y

Y

N

N

Yes grouped plan

Balaenoptera musculus

Blue Whale

sea mammal

Y

Y

N

N

Yes grouped plan

Balaenoptera physalus

Fin Whale

sea mammal

Y

Y

N

N

Yes  grouped plan

Caretta caretta

Loggerhead Turtle

turtle

Y

Y

 

Y

Y

Yes grouped plan

Centrophorus granulosus

Gulper Shark

shark/skate/ray

 

Y

N

   

Centrophorus squamosus

Leafscraper Shark

shark/skate/ray

 

Y

N

   

Centroscymnus coelolepsis

Portugese Dogfish

shark/skate/ray

 

Y

N

   

Cetorhinus maximus

Basking Shark

shark/skate/ray

Y

Y

Y

Y

Yes – SAP

Clupea harengus

Herring

 

bony fish

Y

Y

Y

 

Yes – grouped plan

Coryphaenoides rupestris

Roundnose Grenadier

bony fish

 

Y

N

 

Yes grouped plan

Cruoria cruoriaeformis

 

alga

Y

Y

Y

Y

 

Dalatias licha

Kitefin Shark

shark/skate/ray

 

Y

N

   

Delphinus delphis

Common Dolphin

sea mammal

Y

Y

Y

Y

Yes grouped plan

Dermochelys coriacea

Leatherback Turtle

turtle

Y

Y

Y

Y

Yes – grouped plan

Dermocorynus montagnei

 

alga

Y

Y

Y

N

 

Dipturus batis

Common Skate

shark/skate/ray

 

Y

Y

   

Edwardsia timida

Timid Burrowing Anemone

cnidarian

Y

N

Y

N

 

Eubalaena glacialis

Northern Right Whale

sea mammal

Y

Y

N

N

Yes grouped plan

Eunicella verrucosa

Pink Sea-fan

cnidarian

Y

Y

Y

N

Yes SAP

Fucus distichus

a brown algae

alga

N

Y

N

N

 

Funiculina quadrangularis

 

Tall Sea Pen

cnidarian

Y

Y

N

N

Yes statement

Gadus morhua

Cod

bony fish

Y

Y

Y

 

Yes grouped plan

Galeorhinus galeus

Tope Shark

shark/skate/ray

Y

Y

Y

Y

 

Gitanopsis bispinosa

 

crustacean

N

Y

N

X

 

Globicephala melas

Long-finned Pilot Whale

sea mammal

Y

Y

N

N

Yes grouped plan

Grampus griseus

Risso's Dolphin

sea mammal

Y

Y

Y

Y

Yes grouped plan

Haliclystus auricula

 

cnidarian

Y

Y

Y

Y

 

Hippocampus guttulatus

Long-snouted Seahorse

bony fish

 

Y

Y

   

Hippocampus hippocampus

Short-snouted Seahorse

bony fish

Y

N

N

N

 

Hippoglossus hippoglossus

Atlantic Halibut

bony fish

 

Y

N

   

Hoplostethus atlanticus

Orange Roughy

bony fish

 

Y

N

 

 

Yes grouped plan

Hyperoodon ampullatus

Northern Bottlenose Whale

sea mammal

N

Y

Y

 

Yes grouped plan

Isurus oxyrinchus

Shortfin Mako

shark/skate/ray

 

N

N

   

Lagenorhynchus acutus

Atlantic White-sided Dolphin

sea mammal

Y

Y

Y

N

Yes grouped plan

Lagenorhynchus albirostris

White-beaked Dolphin

sea mammal

Y

Y

Y

Y

Yes grouped plan

Lamna nasus

Porbeagle Shark

shark/skate/ray

Y

Y

Y

U

 

Leptopsammia pruvoti

Sunset Cup Coral

cnidarian

Y

N

N

N

Yes SAP

Leucoraja circularis

Sandy Ray

shark/skate/ray

 

Y

N

   

Lithothamnion corallioides

Coral Maërl

alga

Y

Y

Y

 

Y

 

Lophius piscatorius

Sea Monkfish

bony fish

Y

Y

Y

 

Yes grouped plan

Lucernariopsis campanulata

 

cnidarian

 

Y

Y

   

Lucernariopsis cruxmelitensis

 

cnidarian

Y

N

N

N

 

Megaptera novaeangliae

Humpback Whale

sea mammal

Y

Y

N

N

Yes grouped plan

Merlangius merlangus

Whiting

bony fish

Y

Y

Y

 

Yes grouped plan

Merluccius merluccius

European Hake

bony fish

Y

Y

Y

 

Yes grouped plan

Mesoplodon bidens

Sowerby's Beaked Whale

sea mammal

Y

Y

N

N

Yes grouped plan

Mesoplodon mirus

True's Beaked Whale

sea mammal

Y

Y

N

N

Yes grouped plan

Micromesistius poutassou

Blue Whiting

bony fish

Y

Y

N

   

Mitella pollicipes

Gooseneck Barnacle

crustacean

Y

N

N

N

 

Molva dypterygia

Blue Ling

bony fish

 

Y

N

 

Yes grouped plan

Molva molva

Ling

bony fish

Y

Y

Y

N

Yes grouped plan

Orcinus orca

Killer Whale

sea mammal

Y

Y

Y

Y

Yes grouped plan

Ostrea edulis

Native Oyster

mollusc

Y

Y

Y

Y

Yes SAP

Pachycerianthus multiplicatus

Fireworks Anemone

cnidarian

 

Y

N

   

Pachycordyle navis

Brackish Hydroid

cnidarian

Y

N

N

N

Yes statement

Padina pavonica

Peacock’s tail

alga

Y

N

Y

N

 

Palinurus elephas

Crayfish, Crawfish or Spiny Lobster

crustacean

Y

Y

Y

Y

 

Phoca vitulina

Common Seal

sea mammal

Y

Y

Y

Y

 

Phocoena phocoena

Harbour Porpoise

sea mammal

Y

Y

Y

Y

Yes SAP

Phymatolithon calcareum

Common Maërl 

alga

 

Y

Y

   

Physeter catodon

Sperm Whale

sea mammal

Y

Y

N

N

Yes grouped plan

Pleuronectes platessa

Plaice

bony fish

Y

Y

Y

 

Yes grouped plan

Prionace glauca

Blue Shark

shark/skate/ray

Y

Y

Y

Y

 

Raja undulata

Undulate Ray

shark/skate/ray

 

N

Y

   

Reinhardtius hippoglossoides

Greenland Halibut

bony fish

 

Y

N

 

Yes grouped plan

Rostroraja alba

White or Bottlenosed Skate

shark/skate/ray

 

N

Y

   

Scomber scombrus

Mackerel

bony fish

 

Y

Y

 

Yes grouped plan

Solea solea

Sole

bony fish

 

Y

Y

 

Yes grouped plan

Squalus acanthias

Spiny Dogfish

shark/skate/ray

Y

Y

Y

Y

 

Squatina squatina

Angel Shark

shark/skate/ray

N

Y

Y

N

 

Stenella coeruleoalba

Striped Dolphin

sea mammal

N

 

Y

Y

N

Yes grouped plan

Styela gelatinosa

Loch Goil Sea Squirt 

tunicate

N

Y

N

N

Yes statement

Swiftia pallida

Northern Sea Fan

cnidarian

N

Y

N

N

 

Tenellia adspersa

Lagoon Sea Slug

mollusc

 

N

Y

 

Yes statement

Thunnus thynnus

Blue-fin Tuna

bony fish

 

Y

N

   

Trachurus trachurus

Horse Mackerel

bony fish

Y

N

Y

 

Yes grouped plan

Tursiops truncatus

Bottle-nosed Dolphin

sea mammal

Y

Y

Y

Y

Yes grouped plan

Ziphius cavirostris

Cuvier's Beaked Whale

sea mammal

Y

 

Y

N

N

Yes grouped plan

U = unknown

X = Evidence for distribution in conflict