UKBAP logoUK BAP priority marine species

 

A list of UK BAP priority marine species, created between 1995 and 1999, and subsequently updated in response to the Species and Habitats Review Report (PDF, 1.3Mb), published in 2007, is provided in the table below.  The table also provides details of the species' occurences in the waters around the four UK countries, and describes whether the species was an 'original' species (on the original list created between 1995 and 1999), or was added following the 2007 review.  All original species were provided with Species Action Plans (SAPs), species statements, or are included within grouped plans or statements, whereas there are no published plans for the species added in 2007.

UK BAP priority species were those that were identified as being the most threatened and requiring conservation action under the UK Biodiversity Action Plan (UK BAP).  However, as a result of devolution, and new country-level and international drivers and requirements, much of the work previously carried out by the UK BAP is now focussed at a country-level rather than a UK-level, and the UK BAP was succeeded by the 'UK Post-2010 Biodiversity Framework' in July 2012.  The UK list of priority species, however, remains an important reference source and has been used to help draw up statutory lists of priorities in EnglandNorthern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

Current scientific names and commonly used synonyms derive from the Nameserver facility of the National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary, which is managed by the Natural History Museum.  More detailed information about the distribution and taxonomy of these species can be found using the NBN Gateway, and details of the original Species Action Plans (SAPs), generated between 1995 and 1999, can be found on the original (archived) UK BAP website, or on the BARS 1 website, which was archived in April 2012 following the launch of BARS 2.

JNCC have collated already-published information from a variety of sources for all of the UK BAP priority species, to bring these data together into a single report, or 'species account'.  All of this information is already available on either the JNCC website, the NBN Gateway, or the BARS 1  website.  Each individual species account can be accessed by selecting the name in the table below, or through the priority species accounts spreadsheet.  For more detail about the information within the species accounts, visit the Priority species accounts page>>.

 

 
UK BAP priority marine species
Scientific name and link
to species account
NBN common
name
Taxon England Scotland Wales Northern
Ireland
Original UK BAP
species?
Ammodytes marinus Lesser Sandeel bony fish Y Y Y Y  
Amphianthus dohrnii Sea-fan Anemone cnidarian Y Y N N Yes – SAP
Anotrichium barbatum Bearded Red Seaweed alga Y N Y N Yes SAP
Aphanopus carbo Black Scabbardfish bony fish   Y N   Yes grouped plan
Arachnanthus sarsi Scarce Tube-dwelling Anemone cnidarian N Y N Y  
Arrhis phyllonyx   crustacean N Y N Y  
Ascophyllum nodosum ecad mackaii Wig Wrack or Sea-loch Egg Wrack alga   Y N   Yes SAP
Atrina fragilis Fan Mussel mollusc Y Y Y Y Yes SAP
Balaenoptera acutorostrata Minke Whale sea mammal Y Y Y Y Yes grouped plan
Balaenoptera borealis Sei Whale sea mammal Y Y N N Yes grouped plan
Balaenoptera musculus Blue Whale sea mammal Y Y N N Yes grouped plan
Balaenoptera physalus Fin Whale sea mammal Y Y N N Yes  grouped plan
Caretta caretta Loggerhead Turtle turtle Y Y Y Y Yes grouped plan
Centrophorus granulosus Gulper Shark shark/skate/ray Y N    
Centrophorus squamosus Leafscraper Shark shark/skate/ray Y N    
Centroscymnus coelolepsis Portuguese Dogfish shark/skate/ray Y N    
Cetorhinus maximus Basking Shark shark/skate/ray Y Y Y Y Yes – SAP
Clupea harengus Herring bony fish Y Y Y   Yes – grouped plan
Coryphaenoides rupestris Roundnose Grenadier bony fish   Y N   Yes grouped plan
Cruoria cruoriaeformis   alga Y Y Y Y  
Dalatias licha Kitefin Shark shark/skate/ray Y N    
Delphinus delphis Common Dolphin sea mammal Y Y Y Y Yes grouped plan
Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback Turtle turtle Y Y Y Y Yes – grouped plan
Dermocorynus montagnei   alga Y Y Y N  
Dipturus batis Common Skate shark/skate/ray Y Y    
Edwardsia timida Timid Burrowing Anemone cnidarian Y N Y N  
Eubalaena glacialis Northern Right Whale sea mammal Y Y N N Yes grouped plan
Eunicella verrucosa Pink Sea-fan cnidarian Y Y Y N Yes SAP
Fucus distichus a brown algae alga N Y N N  
Funiculina quadrangularis Tall Sea Pen cnidarian Y Y N N Yes statement
Gadus morhua Cod bony fish Y Y Y   Yes grouped plan
Galeorhinus galeus Tope Shark shark/skate/ray Y Y Y Y  
Gitanopsis bispinosa   crustacean N Y N X  
Globicephala melas Long-finned Pilot Whale sea mammal Y Y N N Yes grouped plan
Grampus griseus Risso's Dolphin sea mammal Y Y Y Y Yes grouped plan
Haliclystus auricula   cnidarian Y Y Y Y  
Hippocampus guttulatus Long-snouted Seahorse bony fish   Y Y    
Hippocampus hippocampus Short-snouted Seahorse bony fish Y N N N  
Hippoglossus hippoglossus Atlantic Halibut bony fish   Y N    
Hoplostethus atlanticus Orange Roughy bony fish   Y N   Yes grouped plan
Hyperoodon ampullatus Northern Bottlenose Whale sea mammal N Y Y   Yes grouped plan
Isurus oxyrinchus Shortfin Mako shark/skate/ray N N    
Lagenorhynchus acutus Atlantic White-sided Dolphin sea mammal Y Y Y N Yes grouped plan
Lagenorhynchus albirostris White-beaked Dolphin sea mammal Y Y Y Y Yes grouped plan
Lamna nasus Porbeagle Shark shark/skate/ray Y Y Y U  
Leptopsammia pruvoti Sunset Cup Coral cnidarian Y N N N Yes SAP
Leucoraja circularis Sandy Ray shark/skate/ray Y N    
Lithothamnion corallioides Coral Maërl alga Y Y Y Y  
Lophius piscatorius Sea Monkfish bony fish Y Y Y   Yes grouped plan
Lucernariopsis campanulata   cnidarian   Y Y    
Lucernariopsis cruxmelitensis   cnidarian Y N N N  
Megaptera novaeangliae Humpback Whale sea mammal Y Y N N Yes grouped plan
Merlangius merlangus Whiting bony fish Y Y Y   Yes grouped plan
Merluccius merluccius European Hake bony fish Y Y Y   Yes grouped plan
Mesoplodon bidens Sowerby's Beaked Whale sea mammal Y Y N N Yes grouped plan
Mesoplodon mirus True's Beaked Whale sea mammal Y Y N N Yes grouped plan
Micromesistius poutassou Blue Whiting bony fish Y Y N    
Mitella pollicipes Gooseneck Barnacle crustacean Y N N N  
Molva dypterygia Blue Ling bony fish   Y N   Yes grouped plan
Molva molva Ling bony fish Y Y Y N Yes grouped plan
Orcinus orca Killer Whale sea mammal Y Y Y Y Yes grouped plan
Ostrea edulis Native Oyster mollusc Y Y Y Y Yes SAP
Pachycerianthus multiplicatus Fireworks Anemone cnidarian   Y N    
Pachycordyle navis Brackish Hydroid cnidarian Y N N N Yes statement
Padina pavonica Peacock’s tail alga Y N Y N  
Palinurus elephas Crayfish, Crawfish or Spiny Lobster crustacean Y Y Y Y  
Phoca vitulina Common Seal sea mammal Y Y Y Y  
Phocoena phocoena Harbour Porpoise sea mammal Y Y Y Y Yes SAP
Phymatolithon calcareum Common Maërl  alga   Y Y    
Physeter catodon Sperm Whale sea mammal Y Y N N Yes grouped plan
Pleuronectes platessa Plaice bony fish Y Y Y   Yes grouped plan
Prionace glauca Blue Shark shark/skate/ray Y Y Y Y  
Raja undulata Undulate Ray shark/skate/ray N Y    
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides Greenland Halibut bony fish   Y N   Yes grouped plan
Rostroraja alba White or Bottlenosed Skate shark/skate/ray N Y    
Scomber scombrus Mackerel bony fish   Y Y   Yes grouped plan
Solea solea Sole bony fish   Y Y   Yes grouped plan
Squalus acanthias Spiny Dogfish shark/skate/ray Y Y Y Y  
Squatina squatina Angel Shark shark/skate/ray N Y Y N  
Stenella coeruleoalba Striped Dolphin sea mammal N Y Y N Yes grouped plan
Styela gelatinosa Loch Goil Sea Squirt  tunicate N Y N N Yes statement
Swiftia pallida Northern Sea Fan cnidarian N Y N N  
Tenellia adspersa Lagoon Sea Slug mollusc   N Y   Yes statement
Thunnus thynnus Blue-fin Tuna bony fish   Y N    
Trachurus trachurus Horse Mackerel bony fish Y N Y   Yes grouped plan
Tursiops truncatus Bottle-nosed Dolphin sea mammal Y Y Y Y Yes grouped plan
Ziphius cavirostris Cuvier's Beaked Whale sea mammal Y Y N N Yes grouped plan