SPAs with marine components
A network of terrestrial SPAs has already been established
in the UK, and some of these existing SPAs have marine components.
More information is on our overview page.
SPAs with marine components are defined as those sites with
qualifying Birds Directive Annex I species or regularly occurring
migratory species that are dependent on the marine environment for
all or part of their lifecycle, where these species are found in
association with intertidal or subtidal habitats. In this
119 bird species make significant use of the marine
environment around the UK (and Gibraltar).
The SPA site selection process
has so far been used to designate 102 SPAs with marine
components in the UK. Four of these sites
are entirely marine SPAs:
- Bae Caerfyrddin/Carmarthen Bay SPA (Wales)
- Outer Thames Estuary SPA (England)
- Liverpool Bay/Bae Lerpwl SPA (England/Wales)
- Belfast Lough - Open Water SPA (Northern Ireland)
Marine interest features of SPAs with
boundary data for SPAs with marine components
Seabird colony SPAs
Some coastal SPAs contain qualifying Birds Directive Annex I
species or regularly occurring migratory species that are dependent
on the marine environment. However, where coastal SPAs do not
include significant intertidal or subtidal areas, they are not
considered to be ‘SPAs with marine components’.
Many seabird colony SPAs have been extended seawards to
encompass marine areas: 31 in Scotland, three in Wales, and
one in Northern Ireland. See marine extensions to existing seabird breeding
colony SPAs for more details.
Work is ongoing to designate further SPAs in the marine
environment across the UK, with many expected to go to consultation