UK conservation strategies


Our approach to conserving biodiversity in the UK depends on partnerships between statutory, voluntary, academic and business sectors, nationally and locally. We aim to conserve biodiversity, for its own intrinsic value, for the vital life-support services it provides, and because it enriches people’s lives. From 1998 onwards, devolution has led to the emergence of individual conservation strategies for the four countries in the UK, underlining the importance of countries abilities to set their own priorities. The UK strategic framework is composed of the following conservation strategies: Working with the grain of nature: a biodiversity strategy for England, Scotland’s biodiversity: It’s in your hands, Environment strategy for Wales, and Northern Ireland Biodiversity Strategy. However the countries still share the same conservation goals, purpose and guiding principles described in Conserving Biodiversity – The UK Approach (PDF, 316 kb).


The Surveillance Strategy, objective 1, analyses surveillance in relation to three principles adapted from UK biodiversity – The UK Approach:


  1. To maintain, create, and restore functional combinations of habitats that will provide ecosystem services and reduce the vulnerability of isolated habitats and species populations
  2. To make sites more robust to environmental change by improving their quality and condition, reducing the impact of other pressures in the surrounding areas, buffering and where appropriate making them larger
  3. To first halt the decline of species diversity, and then maintain it, allowing for climate adaptation. This outcome is delivered mainly by the first two principles and targeted action.