E2. Expenditure on UK and international biodiversity

a. Public sector expenditure on UK biodiversity

b. Non-governmental organisation expenditure on UK biodiversity

c. UK expenditure on international biodiversity

 

Type: Response Indicator

 

Indicator Description

The first part of this indicator provides public sector spending on biodiversity in real terms alongside spending by Non-Government Organisations (NGOs) with a biodiversity or nature focus.  Spending is one way of assessing the priority that is given to biodiversity within the UK public sector.  The second part of this indicator gives the UKs spending on global biodiversity.  Funding for international biodiversity is essential for the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity in developing countries, along with other international biodiversity policy commitments.

Summary

 

In 2015/16, £453 million of UK public sector funding was spent on UK biodiversity; this value has decreased 6% since 2014/15.  

Public sector funding on UK biodiversity relative to GDP has changed very little in the last 5 years, in 2015/16 approximately £2.40 was spent on biodiversity for every £10,000 of GDP.

Spending on biodiversity in the UK by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) with a biodiversity or nature focus was £236 million in 2014/15 (net of Government funding). This value is likely to be an underestimate, as the indicator does not include all NGOs with a biodiversity or nature focus. Based on the data gathered by the current indicator, spending has increased 11% since the first year of data collection (2010/11), and has increased 5% in the latest year between 2013/14 and 2014-15.

Figure E2i.  Expenditure on biodiversity in the UK, 2000-01 to 2015-16.

 

Figure E2i. Expenditure on biodiversity in the UK, 2000/01 to 2015/16.

 

 

Notes:

  1. Deflated using UK Gross Domestic Product Deflator.
  2. Non-governmental spend is net of government funding.
  3. Small revisions to past data as a result of improved estimation methodology can mean this chart is not directly comparable to previously published versions.

Source: Defra, Her Majesty's Treasury.

In 2015/16, UK public sector funding for international biodiversity totalled £44 million.  International spending by the UK public sector has increased by 35% since 2000-01 in real terms.  

 

Figure E2ii.  UK public sector expenditure on international biodiversity, 2000-01 to 2015-16.

 

Figure E2i. Expenditure on biodiversity in the UK, 2000-01 to 2015-16.Notes:

  1. Deflated using UK Gross Domestic Product Deflator.
  2. The peak in 2010/11 is driven by DfID’s contribution to the Global Environment Facility (GEF), due to the time of the year that the contribution was made in 2011, two contributions are counted in one year. There was no GEF contribution in 2015, accounting for the drop seen in the chart, but a further contribution was made in 2016 in line with contributions from 2012 to 214 and the GEF 6 continues to 2018/19.
  3. Revisions to past data series as a result of improved estimation methodology or access to previously unavailable date mean the indicator does not show exactly the same pattern between years.

Source: Defra.

 

Assessment of change in public expenditure on biodiversity

 

Long term

Short term

Latest year

Public sector expenditure on
biodiversity in the UK

indicator improving
2000/01–2015/16

2010 indicator declining
2010/11–2015/16

Decreased
(2015-16)

Non-governmental organisation
spending (net of Government funding)
on biodiversity in the UK

 

Insufficient or no comparable data

 

 Insufficient or no comparable data 

No change
(2014-15)

UK public sector expenditure
on international biodiversity

indicator improving
2000/1–2015/16

2010 indicator declining

2010/11–2015/16

Decreased
(2015-16)

 

Public sector spending on UK biodiversity increased between 2000/01 and 2008/09, from £265 to £617 million, this has since fallen to £453 million in 2015-16 (in 2015/16 prices).  In 2015/16 spending was 71% higher than the level of spend in 2000/01.  Public sector funding on UK biodiversity relative to GDP has changed little in 2015/16 compared to 2014-15; in 2015/16 approximately £2.40 was spent on biodiversity for every £10,000 of GDP. The indicator is assessed as improving over the long term and declining over the short term.

In 2014 Defra developed a measure of spend by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) on biodiversity (net of government-funded spend).  NGO support and action on biodiversity, some of which is funded by businesses and private individuals, is an important contribution to achieving biodiversity targets.  Capturing the contribution of NGOs is therefore a key element of tracking the UK’s conservation efforts; including this source of expenditure gives a more complete picture of spending on UK biodiversity.  Spending on biodiversity in the UK by NGOs with a biodiversity or nature focus was £236 million in 2014/15.  However, the data series for this measure is not yet long enough to assess trends in NGO spending.

The trend for UK public sector funding on international biodiversity shows an increase between 2000/01 and 2015/16, the indicator is assessed as improving over the long term.  The most prominent rise was a 66% increase in 2003/04 with increased contributions to the Global Environment Facility (GEF), followed by a 7% increase in 2004/05.  The peak in 2010/11 is also driven by GEF, due to the time of the year that the contribution was made in 2011, two contributions are counted in one year. There was no GEF contribution in 2015, accounting for the drop seen in the chart (and the indicator being assessed as declining over the short term), but a further contribution was made in 2016 in line with contributions from 2012 to 2014 and the GEF 6 continues to 2018/19.

 

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Last updated: August 2017

Latest data available: 2015-16 financial year (public sector); and 2014-15 (NGOs)