E2. Expenditure on UK and international biodiversity

a. Public sector expenditure on UK biodiversity

b. Non-governmental organisation expenditure on UK biodiversity

c. UK public sector expenditure on international biodiversity

 

Type: Response Indicator

 

Indicator Description

The first part of this indicator provides real-term, public sector spending on biodiversity alongside spending by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) with a focus on biodiversity and/or nature conservation. Spending is one way of assessing the priority that is given to biodiversity within the UK public sector. The second part of this indicator provides real-term UK public sector spending on global biodiversity.  Funding for international biodiversity is essential for the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity in developing countries, along with other international biodiversity policy commitments.

 

Summary

 

In 2016/17, £445 million of UK public sector funding was spent on biodiversity in the UK; a real-term decrease of 9% since 2015/16 and of 17% over the last 5 years.

Since 2000/01, public sector funding for UK biodiversity relative to gross domestic product (GDP) has fluctuated between 0.02% and 0.04%.

Spending on biodiversity in the UK by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) with a focus on biodiversity and/or nature conservation was £234 million (net of government funding) in 2016/17; a real-term increase of 5% since 2015/16 and of 20% over the last 5 years.

 

Figure E2i.  Expenditure on biodiversity in the UK, 2000/01 to 2016/17.

 

Figure E2i. Expenditure on biodiversity in the UK, 2000/01 to 2016/17.

 

 

Notes:

  1. Deflated using UK Gross Domestic Product (GDP) deflator.
  2. Wherever possible, NGO spend is net of government funding.
  3. There may be some minor inconsistencies in the reporting of expenditure on UK biodiversity from one year to the next.
  4. Revisions to past data series as a result of improved estimation methodology or access to additional data mean the chart (and figures) are not directly comparable to those presented in previous publications (see background section for further details).

Source: Defra, HM Treasury.

In 2016/17, UK public sector funding for international biodiversity totalled £76 million; a real-term increase of 24% over the last 5 years. Whilst this indicator shows that international expenditure has also increased by 128% since the time series began in 2000/01 and by 24% in the latest year, both these changes have been artificially inflated by the irregular nature of contributions to the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and should, therefore be treated with caution. The long-term and short-term assessments for this indicator, however, use a 3-year average as their baseline, thereby reducing the effect of any large irregular payments such as those to the GEF.

 

Figure E2ii.  UK public sector expenditure on international biodiversity, 2000/01 to 2016/17.

 

Figure E2ii. UK public sector expenditure on international biodiversity, 2000/01 to 2016/17.

Notes:

  1. Deflated using UK Gross Domestic Product (GDP) deflator.
  2. There may be some minor inconsistencies in the reporting of expenditure on international biodiversity from one year to the next.
  3. Most of the large fluctuations between years are due to the irregular nature of contributions to the Global Environment Facility (GEF), for example, there were large payments in 2001/02 and 2007/08, 2 payments in 2010/11 and no payments in 2015/16.
  4. Revisions to past data series as a result of improved estimation methodology or access to additional data (in particular, the timing and magnitude of some large GEF payments) mean the chart (and figures) are not directly comparable to those presented in previous publications.

 

Source: Defra, HM Treasury.

Assessment of change in public expenditure on biodiversity

 

Long term

Short term

Latest year

Public sector expenditure on
biodiversity in the UK

indicator improving
2000/01–2016/17

2010 indicator declining
2011/12–2016/17

Decreased
(2015/16–2016/17)

Non-governmental organisation
spending (net of government funding) on biodiversity in the UK

 

Insufficient or no comparable data

 

 indicator improving

2011/12–2016/17 

Increased
(2015/16–2016/17)

UK public sector expenditure
on international biodiversity

indicator improving
2000/01–2016/17

indicator improving

2011/12–2016/17

Increased
(2015/16–2016/17)

 

Note: The latest-year assessment of the UK public sector expenditure on international biodiversity measure is influenced greatly by there being no payments to the GEF in 2015/16.

 

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Last updated: July 2018

Latest data available: Financial year 2016/17