C3. Status of European habitats and species

C3a. Status of UK habitats of European importance


Type: State Indicator


Indicator Description

Member States of the European Union are required to report every 6 years on the conservation status of habitats and species listed on the annexes of the Habitats Directive. Each assessment needs to conclude whether the habitat is in one of the following states: Favourable, Unfavourable-Inadequate, Unfavourable-Bad or Unknown.  The indicator is based on an evaluation of whether the results are better or worse in 2013 than in 2007.




No new data since the previous publication.

In 2007, 5% of UK habitats listed on Annex I of the Habitats Directive were in favourable conservation status, decreasing to 3% in 2013.

The conservation status of 48% of habitats was unfavourable-improving in 2007, decreasing to 31% in 2013. 

The conservation status of 30% of the habitats was unfavourable-declining in 2007, decreasing to 25% in 2013.


Figure C3ai.  Percentage of UK habitats of European importance in improving or declining conservation status in 2007 and 2013.



  1. The chart is based on 77 habitats listed on Annex I of the Habitats Directive.
  2. The aim of the Habitats Directive is to achieve favourable conservation status for the species and habitats listed in its Annexes.  An assessment of status and trends for each species and habitat is undertaken every 6 years.  Trends in unfavourable conservation status allow identification of whether progress is being made, as it will take many years for some habitats and species to reach favourable conservation status.

Source: UK Habitats Directive (Article 17) reports 2007 and 2013.


Assessment of change in status of UK habitats of European importance

Long term*

Short term

Latest year

Percentage of UK habitats of European importance in favourable or improving conservation status


Decreased (2013)

*A long-term assessment is not made as the time series does not go back more than 10 years.


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Last updated: October 2013

Latest data: 2013


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