JNCC has reviewed available evidence on biofuels demand and
supply to identify the key regions that are currently or will be in
the future important global sources of biomass for energy.
Sub-Saharan Africa, the Caribbean/Latin America and the CIS/Baltic
have been identified as key regions where supply of biomass for
energy will exceed regional demand.
Using biofuels as a partial replacement for fossil fuels such as
petrol and diesel can reduce greenhouse gas emissions but their
production can also have potentially negative environmental
impacts. There is concern that the increasing use of biomass for
biofuels will place yet another unwelcome pressure on global
ecosystems. The use of Brazilian sugar and Asian palm oil has
attracted attention to biofuels impacts in the tropical zone,
particularly in tropical forests. The current UK biofuels
consumption pattern, based on 75% imported fuels and a strong
preference for biodiesel, is actually increasing pressures on
temperate grasslands rather than tropical forests.
You will need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this