In the UK almost all
seabirds have some of their breeding sites protected within a
network of breeding colony SPAs. This type of SPA is simply
extending their existing boundaries into the marine environment, if
this is deemed appropriate. The size of the extensions varies
depending on the species breeding at the colony.
The UK’s coastal environment
provides important feeding and moulting areas, as well as migration
staging posts, for non-breeding waterbirds such as divers,
grebes, and seaduck. ‘Inshore’ SPAs will provide protection
for the most important inshore waterbird aggregations.
3. Offshore aggregations of seabirds
All seabirds in the UK rely on various parts of offshore
waters throughout the year, particularly for feeding.
‘Offshore’ SPAs will provide protection for the most important
seabird concentrations in the open sea.
types of SPA
Some important areas for marine birds may not be included within
the above three categories and will be considered individually.
Areas of search
JNCC is using both existing data and targeted bird surveys to
help the statutory nature conservation bodies in England, Northern
Ireland, Scotland and Wales to identify possible marine SPAs in
shore, and for its own offshore responsibilities. A series
of maps published in 2010
to show areas of search for the different possible types of marine
SPA. Pages 4-6 are now superseded by a 2012 report which describes further analysis and
shows updated maps. The 2010 and 2012 maps show general areas
of search and seabird concentrations where further survey and
analysis is progressing to identify important concentrations of
seabirds. The maps do not presuppose any action by
Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs, Northern Ireland
Executive, Scottish Government or
Welsh Government to classify as
SPAs i) any areas of search, ii) important concentrations of birds
within or represented by them, or iii) extensions to seabird colony
SPAs that have not already been extended.
Further information on the various strands of
work shown in the maps is available by using the links above.
JNCC carries out this work on behalf of the
statutory nature conservation bodies (Scottish
Natural Resources Wales,
Department of Environment Northern Ireland). JNCC is
responsible for providing advice relating to waters beyond 12
nautical miles of the coast, and the relevant statutory body will
use the outputs from JNCCs analysis to provide advice on waters
within 12 nautical miles (more details on JNCCs responsibilities