Report 284
Biological monitoring of marine Special Areas of Conservation: a review of methods for detecting change.
Hiscock, K
The review does not consider experimental studies (except where ones, which have been undertaken help, interpret change) or the use of biomarker or physiological response techniques.

Summary

 
This review focuses on biological surveillance and monitoring but including extent of habitats, whether physical or biological, and especially in relation to managing sites and features for nature conservation. The review does not consider experimental studies (except where ones, which have been undertaken help, interpret change) or the use of biomarker or physiological response techniques. The review gives practical guidance on the methods available, their deployment, accuracy and their application to management.  It identifies the extent to which natural variability can be separated from change brought about by human activities.
 
 
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95 pages
ISSN 0963-8091
 
Please cite as: Hiscock, K, Biological monitoring of marine Special Areas of Conservation: a review of methods for detecting change., JNCC Report 284, 95 pages, ISSN 0963-8091