Surveillance and Monitoring

Through surveillance and monitoring we record the status and trends of species and habitats and the pressures that affect them. This information gathered is necessary to help us identify any problems, target conservation action where it is most needed and measure the success of conservation effort.

Surveillance shows that the grayling has declined, and it is now a UKBAP priority species.©Nick Greatorex-Davies, CEH


JNCC has an important role in co-ordinating and directing surveillance in the UK, for example, through the development of the UK Terrestrial Biodiversity Surveillance Strategy, the Marine Surveillance and Monitoring Programme, coordination of aspects of the UK Marine Monitoring and Assessment Strategy, and through the framing of common standards for monitoring protected sites. We also maintain an overview of information on land-based biodiversity surveillance schemes, which forms part of the UK Environmental Observation Framework (EOF), which is collating information on all environmental observation and monitoring in the UK, including data on pressures.


Image of rocky reef with Dead Man's Fingers and calcereous tube worm © JNCC

JNCC also invests in and develops surveillance schemes through partnerships with other organisations. In the marine environment, we are working with the country conservation agencies on a research and development programme that will advise governments on biodiversity monitoring systems.  This is presently concentrating on habitats, seabirds and cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises), and is taking place within the UK Marine Monitoring and Assessment Strategy (UKMMAS) process.  The programme is a four-year commitment that aims to address all policy drivers that act on the marine environment in a holistic way, without limiting our ability to advise upon future pressures and policy responses. 


Surveillance results and reports