Palaeozoic Palaeobotany of Great Britain
(1995)
GCR Volume No. 9
Cleal, C.J. & Thomas, B.A.
The Palaeozoic era was a time of major evolution and diversification of plants, as they adapted from aquatic to terrestrial habitats. This book covers the first 200 million years of the history of land evolution, showing how the main facets of vegetative evolution can be demonstrated at sites in Britain, and how the fossil record can be of value as an evolutionary and environmental indicator of the geological past, in general, as well as in Britain.

Summary

The Palaeozoic Era was a time of major evolution and diversification of plants, as they adapted from aquatic to terrestrial habitats. The new habitats were not yet populated by animals, and were harsh and inhospitable. Nevertheless, from the earliest intertidal vegetation of the Silurian Period (425 million years ago), plants progressively became established on land, and eventually developed into the lush tropical wetland forests of the Late Carboniferous Period (300 million years ago). Towards the end of the Palaeozoic (250 million years ago), a traumatic episode beset land plants and many of the previously dominant forms became extinct. The emptying of the many ecological niches provided an opportunity for more advanced groups such as cycads and conifers to radiate into the Mesozoic Era, and marked the start of the development of a modern style of vegetation.
 
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295 pages, illustrations, A4 hardback
ISBN 0 41261 090 6
 
Please cite as: Cleal, C.J. & Thomas, B.A. (1995) Palaeozoic Palaeobotany of Great Britain, Geological Conservation Review Series, No. 9, Chapman and Hall, London, 295 pp.