An implementation framework for the conservation, protection and management of nationally important marine wildlife in the UK
(2000)
Prepared by the statutory nature conservation agencies, Environment Heritage Services (Northern Ireland) and JNCC for the DETR Working Group on the Review of Marine Nature Conservation
Laffoley, D. d'A., Baxter, J., Bines, T., Bradley, M., Connor, D.W., Hill, M., Tasker, M. & Vincent, M.
© JNCC, Peterborough

Introduction

 
At the Working Group meetings held on 30 March 2000 and 22 June 2000 English Nature tabled three papers which sequentially focussed on:
  • the protection and management of nationally important marine habitats and species (Laffoley & Bines, 2000);

 

  • a historical perspective and selective review of the literature on human impacts on the UK's marine environment (Laffoley, 2000); and

 

  • nationally important marine seascapes, habitats and species. A recommended approach to their identification, conservation and protection (Laffoley et al, 2000).
This paper, the fourth in the series, focuses on the implementation framework within which any national marine conservation measures might be applied. In so doing, the paper seeks to provide the way by which the principles and approaches set out in the previous papers could be expressed in a structured, integrated and appropriate manner across territorial and continental shelf waters, to the limits of UK jurisdiction.
 
Within this document reference is made to 'offshore areas'. For the purposes of this paper, this is generally taken to be more than 3 nm out to sea, and 'coastal waters' to be the area inshore of this point. This distinction is based solely on the general availability of biological information, a key consideration in the overall construction and functioning of a marine conservation framework. Inshore of 3 nm generally far more is known about the marine environment, with detailed information available for habitats and species and able to support equally detailed management measures. The term 'traditional marine protected areas' is used to denote marine nature reserves or European marine sites (ie SACs and SPAs), whilst 'marine wildlife' is sometimes used as shorthand for marine landscapes, habitats and species.
 
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17 pp
ISSN ISSN 0967-876X
 
Please cite as: This report should be quoted as: Laffoley, D.d'A, Connor, D.W., Tasker, M. L. & Bines, T. 2000. Nationally important seascapes, habitats and species. A recommended approach to their identification, conservation and protection. Prepared for the DETR Working Group on the Review of Marine Nature Conservation by English Nature and the Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Peterborough, English Nature, 17 pp. © JNCC, Peterborough ISSN 0967-876X