Common Standards Monitoring Guidance for Upland Habitats
(2009)
JNCC
Version July 2009 -This version of the guidance has corrected a taxonomic change to Carex viridula on page 36 of the June 2008 version
This section deals with all open, upland terrestrial habitats, including juniper and montane willow scrub types (other woodland features, running and standing waters, and swamps, are treated in the Woodland, Freshwater and Lowland Wetlands guidance sections).

Summary

 
The uplands embrace all land lying above the upper reaches of enclosed farmland, amounting toMontane Heath, Lochber © Ian Strachan/JNCC around a third of the UK land surface. Much of this is dominated by dry and wet dwarf-shrub heaths and rough grassland, though there are considerable expanses of blanket bog and montane (alpine) habitat. This section deals with all open, upland terrestrial habitats, including juniper and montane willow scrub types (other woodland features, running and standing waters, and swamps, are treated in the Woodland, Freshwater and Lowland Wetlands guidance sections).
 
Given the challenge of monitoring the extent and condition of each of these features, we have endeavoured to streamline the number of habitats into 28 generic feature types (listed in Box 1). We have devised guidance for these which should be applicable to any notified feature encountered on designated sites. The 28 upland feature types embrace the great majority of the 91 National Vegetation Classification (NVC) vegetation types in the uplands (Rodwell 1991, 1992; Averis et al. 2003).
 
Box 1. Generic upland feature types for which generic attributes and targets have been devised. Separate guidance is available for lowland forms of habitats marked *
Acid grassland (upland)*

Mire grassland and rush pasture (upland) For this feature type

please now use the Lowland purple moor grass and rush

pastures in the Common Standards Monitoring guidance for Lowland Grassland Habitats.

Alkaline fen (upland, excluding alpine flush)* Montane willow scrub
Alpine dwarf-shrub heath Moss, dwarf-herb, and grass-dominated snow-bed
Alpine flush Short-sedge acidic fen (upland) *
Alpine summit communities of moss, sedge and three-leaved rush Siliceous rocky slope
Blanket bog and valley bog (upland) Siliceous scree
Calaminarian grassland and serpentine heath (upland)* Soakway and sump (upland)*
Calcareous grassland (upland)* Spring-head, rill and flush (upland)*
Calcareous rocky slope Subalpine dry dwarf-shrub heath
Calcareous scree Tall herbs (upland)*
Fellfield Transition mire, ladder fen and quaking bog (upland)*
Fern-dominated snow-bed Upland habitat assemblage/mosaic of habitats or vegetation types
Juniper heath and scrub (upland)* Wet heath (upland)*
Limestone pavement Yellow saxifrage bank
 
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ISSN 1743-8160
 
Please cite as: JNCC, (2009), Common Standards Monitoring Guidance for Upland Habitats, Version July 2009 -This version of the guidance has corrected a taxonomic change to Carex viridula on page 36 of the June 2008 version, ISSN 1743-8160