SPA description
(information as published 2001)

Bowland Fells

image: SPA location map 

 

The Bowland Fells are an extensive upland area in Lancashire, in north-west England. It forms a western outlier of the Pennines, with summits mostly in the range 450-550 m. The geology is millstone grit-capped fells overlying softer Bowland shales, resulting in predominantly acidic vegetation types. The major habitats are heather-dominated moorland and blanket mire. It is important for its upland breeding birds, especially breeding Merlin Falco columbarius and Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus

 


Qualifying species

For individual species accounts visit the Species Accounts section


This site qualifies under Article 4.1 of the Directive (79/409/EEC) by supporting populations of European importance of the following species listed on Annex I of the Directive:
 
During the breeding season;
 
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus, 13 pairs representing up to 2.6% of the breeding population in Great Britain (Three year mean 1995-1997)
 
Merlin Falco columbarius, 20 pairs representing up to 1.5% of the breeding population in Great Britain (Three year mean, 1994-1996)
 

This site also qualifies under Article 4.2 of the Directive (79/409/EEC) by supporting populations of European importance of the following migratory species:

 

During the breeding season;
 
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus, 13,900 pairs representing up to 11.2% of the breeding Western Europe/Mediterranean/Western Africa population (Minimum 1998; 13,900-16,300 pairs)

 


Note:

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