Coscinodiscus wailesii

Division: Bacillariophyta
Class: Coscinodiscophyceae
Order: Coscinodiscales
Species name: Coscinodiscus wailesii  Gran & Angst
Synonyms: None known
Common name: A centric diatom
 
Date of introduction and origin
Coscinodiscus wailesii was first detected in the English Channel in 1977 (as Coscinodiscus nobilis Grunow) and is thought to originate from the Indian and Pacific Oceans (Boalch & Harbour 1977; Boalch 1987; Wallentinus in press).
 
Method of introduction
Unknown method of introduction, but ballast water transport cannot be ruled out and importation with oysters has been hypothesised as another potential vector (Rincé & Paulmier 1986; Wallentinus in press).
 
Reasons for success
Unknown.
 
Rate of spread and methods involved
It spread rapidly and was recorded from the English Channel (near Plymouth, Devon) in 1977; Atlantic coast of France by 1978 and Norway by 1979 (Hasle 1990; Wallentinus in press).
 
Distribution
It is found in the English Channel, Atlantic coast of France, Frisian Islands, Helgoland and Norway (Rincé & Paulmier 1986; Wallentinus in press).
 
Factors likely to influence spread and distribution
Unknown.
 
Effects on the environment
It can reach high numbers and produce copious mucilage which 'in sinking' can accumulate insoluble skeletons of planktonic organisms and mineral particles, increasing its volume and density (Boalch & Harbour 1977) and blanket the seabed.
 
Effects on commercial interests
Fishing trawls may become clogged or broken by heavy grey slime. It may interfere with the hauling of fishing gear and prolonged washing or air drying may not completely remove it (Boalch & Harbour 1977).
 
Control methods used and effectiveness
None used.
 
Beneficial effects
None known.
 
Comments
Boalch (1987) reported Coscinodiscus wailesii to be still present in the Plymouth area and to have become a major constituent of the winter centric diatom population.
 
References
Boalch, G.T. 1987. Changes in the phytoplankton of the western English Channel in recent years.
British Phycological Journal, 22: 225-235.
 
Boalch, G.T., & Harbour, D.S. 1977. Unusual diatom off the coast of south-west England and its effect on fishing. Nature, 269: 687-688.
,
Rincé, Y., & Paulmier, G. 1986. Donnée novelles sur la distribution de la diatomée marine Coscinodiscus wailesii Gran & Angst (Bacillariophyceae). Phycologia. 25: 73-79.
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Hasle, G.R. 1990. Diatoms of the Oslo fjord and the Skagerrak. Species new to the area: immigrants or overlooked in the past? Blyttia 48 : 33-38.
 
,Wallentinus, I. In press.Status of introductions of non-indigenous marine species to north Atlantic waters: introductions and transfers of plants. ICES co-operative research report.