Annex I habitats and Annex II species occurring in the UK

 

This table is a complete list of Habitats Directive Annex I habitat types presently known to occur within the UK, and Annex II species that are known to occur (or to have occurred in recent times) as native populations within UK territory (excluding Gibraltar). Further details are given in the background to selection (Section 1.2).

 

For each respective habitat or species the EU code is 'clickable' and will take you to the specific habitats or species account.

 

EU code
Current name as adopted
in Directive 97/62/EC
CORINE code and/or
previous name, as given in
Directive
92/43/EEC
(where different)
Lay title or English name
Priority
habitat/
species
UK special
responsibility
Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time   Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time
 
 
Estuaries 13.2 Estuaries
 
Yes
Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide 14 Intertidal mudflats and sandflats
 
 
Coastal lagoons 21 Lagoons Lagoons
Yes
Yes
Large shallow inlets and bays 12 Shallow inlets and bays
 
Yes
Reefs 11.24 Reefs
 
Yes
Submarine structures made by leaking gases 11.24 Marine 'columns' in shallow water made by leaking gasses Submarine structures made by leaking gases    
Annual vegetation of drift lines 17.2 Annual vegetation of drift lines
 
 
Perennial vegetation of stony banks 17.3 Coastal shingle vegetation outside the reach of waves
 
Yes
Vegetated sea cliffs of the Atlantic and Baltic coasts 18.21 Vegetated sea cliffs
 
Yes
Salicornia and other annuals colonising mud and sand 15.11 Glasswort and other annuals colonising mud and sand
 
 
Spartina swards (Spartinion maritimae) 15.12 Spartina swards (Spartinion) Cord-grass swards
 
 
Atlantic salt meadows (Glauco-Puccinellietalia maritimae) 15.13 Atlantic salt meadows Glauco-Puccinellietalia Atlantic salt meadows
 
 
Inland salt meadows 15.14 Continental salt meadows (Puccinellietalia distantis) Inland saltmarshes
Yes
 
Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic halophilous scrubs (Sarcocornetea fruticosi)
15.16 Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic halophilous scrubs (Arthrocnemetalia-fruticosae) Mediterranean saltmarsh scrub
 
 
Embryonic shifting dunes
16.211 Shifting dunes
 
 
Shifting dunes along the shoreline with Ammophila arenaria ("white dunes") 16.212 Shifting dunes with marram
 
 
Fixed dunes with herbaceous vegetation ("grey dunes") 16.221-16.227 Dune grassland
Yes
Yes
Decalcified fixed dunes with Empetrum nigrum 16.23 Lime-deficient dune heathland with crowberry
Yes 
 
Atlantic decalcified fixed dunes (Calluno-Ulicetea) 16.24 Eu-Atlantic decalcified fixed dunes (Calluno-Ulicetea) Coastal dune heathland
Yes
 
Dunes with Hippophae rhamnoides 16.25 Dunes with Hyppophae rhamnoides Dunes with sea-buckthorn
 
 
Dunes with Salix repens ssp. argentea (Salicion arenariae) 16.26 Dunes with Salix arenaria Dunes with creeping willow
 
 
Humid dune slacks
16.31 to 16.35 Humid dune slacks
 
Yes
Machairs
1A Machair
 
Yes
Coastal dunes with Juniperus spp. 16.27 Dune juniper thickets (Juniperus spp.) Dunes with juniper thickets
Yes
 
Inland dunes with open Corynephorus and Agrostis grasslands 64.1 x 35.2 Open grassland with Corynephorus and Agrostis of continental dunes Open grassland with grey-hair grass and common bent grass of inland dunes
 
 
Oligotrophic waters containing very few minerals of sandy plains: Littorelletalia uniflorae 22.11 x 22.31 Oligotrophic waters containing very few minerals of Atlantic sandy plains with amphibious vegetation: Lobelia, Littorella and Isoetes Nutrient-poor shallow waters with aquatic vegetation on sandy plains
 
 
Oligotrophic to mesotrophic standing waters with vegetation of the Littorelletea uniflorae and/or of the Isoëto-Nanojuncetea 22.12 x (22.31 and 22.32) Oligotrophic waters in medio-European and perialpine areas with amphibious vegetation: Littorella or Isoetes or annual vegetation on exposed banks (Nanocyperetalia) Clear-water lakes or lochs with aquatic vegetation and poor to moderate nutrient levels
 
 
Hard oligo-mesotrophic waters with benthic vegetation of Chara spp. 21.12 x 22.44 Hard oligo-mesotrophic waters with benthic vegetation of Chara formations Calcium-rich nutrient-poor lakes, lochs and pools
 
 
Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition-type vegetation
22.13 Naturally nutrient-rich lakes or lochs which are often dominated by pondweed
 
 
Natural dystrophic lakes and ponds 22.14 Dystrophic lakes Acid peat-stained lakes and ponds
 
 
Mediterranean temporary ponds 22.34 Mediterranean temporary ponds
Yes
 
Turloughs 22.5 Turloughs
Yes
 
Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation 24.4 Floating vegetation of Ranunculus of plain and submountainous rivers Rivers with floating vegetation often dominated by water-crowfoot
 
Yes
Northern Atlantic wet heaths with Erica tetralix 31.11 Wet heathland with cross-leaved heath
 
Yes
Temperate Atlantic wet heaths with Erica ciliaris and Erica tetralix 31.12 Southern Atlantic wet heaths with Erica ciliaris and Erica tetralix Wet heathland with Dorset heath and cross-leaved heath
Yes
 
European dry heaths 31.2 Dry heaths (all subtypes) Dry heaths
 
Yes
Dry Atlantic coastal heaths with Erica vagans 31.234 Dry coastal heaths with Erica vagans and Ulex maritimus Dry coastal heaths with Cornish heath
Yes
 
Alpine and Boreal heaths
31.4 Alpine and subalpine heaths Alpine and subalpine heaths
 
Yes
Sub-Arctic Salix spp. scrub 31.622 Sub-Arctic willow scrub Mountain willow scrub
 
Yes
Stable xerothermophilous formations with Buxus sempervirens on rock slopes (Berberidion p.p.) 31.82 Stable Buxus sempervirens formations on calcareous rock slopes (Berberidion p.) Natural box scrub
 
 
Juniperus communis formations on heaths or calcareous grasslands 31.88 Juniper on heaths or calcareous grasslands
 
 
Calaminarian grasslands of the Violetalia calaminariae 34.2 Calaminarian grasslands Grasslands on soils rich in heavy metals
 
Yes
Siliceous alpine and boreal grasslands 36.32 Montane acid grasslands
 
Yes
Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands 36.41 to 36.45 Alpine calcareous grasslands Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands
 
 
Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) 34.31 to 34.34 Dry grasslands and scrublands on chalk or limestone
 
 
Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (important orchid sites)
34.31 to 34.34 Dry grasslands and scrublands on chalk or limestone, including important orchid sites
Yes
 
Species-rich Nardus grassland, on siliceous substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in continental Europe) 35.1 Species-rich grassland with mat-grass, in upland areas
Yes
Yes
Molinia meadows on calcareous, peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils (Molinion caeruleae) 37.31 Molinia meadows on chalk and clay (Eu-Molinion) Purple moor-grass meadows
 
 
Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels 37.7 and 37.8 Eutrophic tall herbs Tall herb communities
 
 
Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis) 38.2 Lowland hay meadows
 
 
Mountain hay meadows 38.3 Mountain hay meadows (British types with Geranium sylvaticum) Mountain hay meadows
 
 
Active raised bogs 51.1 Active raised bogs
Yes
Yes
Degraded raised bogs still capable of natural regeneration 51.2 Degraded raised bogs (still capable of natural regeneration) Degraded raised bog
 
 
Blanket bogs 52.1 and 52.2 Blanket bog (*active only) Blanket bog
Yes
(if active bog)1
Yes
Transition mires and quaking bogs
54.5 Very wet mires often identified by an unstable 'quaking' surface
 
 
Depressions on peat substrates of the Rhynchosporion 54.6 Depressions on peat substrates (Rhynchosporion) Depressions on peat substrates
 
 
Calcareous fens with Cladium mariscus and species of the Caricion davallianae 53.3 Calcareous fens with Cladium mariscus and Carex davalliana Calcium-rich fen dominated by great fen sedge (saw sedge)
Yes
 
Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion) 54.12 Hard-water springs depositing lime
Yes
 
Alkaline fens 54.2 Base-rich fens
 
 
Alpine pioneer formations of the Caricion bicoloris-atrofuscae 54.3 High-altitude plant communities associated with areas of water seepage
Yes
 
Siliceous scree of the montane to snow levels (Androsacetalia alpinae and Galeopsietalia ladani) 61.1 Siliceous scree Acidic scree
 
 
Calcareous and calcshist screes of the montane to alpine levels (Thlaspietea rotundifolii) 61.2 Eutric scree Base-rich scree
 
 
Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
62.1 and 62.1A Chasmophytic vegetation on rocky slopes - calcareous sub-types Plants in crevices on base-rich rocks
 
 
Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation 62.2 Chasmophytic vegetation on rocky slopes - silicicolous sub-types Plants in crevices on acid rocks
 
 
Limestone pavements 62.4 Limestone pavements
Yes
Yes
Caves not open to the public 65 Caves not open to the public
 
 
Submerged or partially submerged sea caves Submerged or partly submerged sea caves Sea caves
 
Yes
Atlantic acidophilous beech forests with Ilex and sometimes also Taxus in the shrublayer (Quercion robori-petraeae or Ilici-Fagenion) 41.12 Beech forests with Ilex and Taxus, rich in epiphytes (Ilici-Fagenion) Beech forests on acid soils
 
 
Asperulo-Fagetum beech forests 41.13 Beech forests on neutral to rich soils
 
 
Sub-Atlantic and medio-European oak or oak-hornbeam forests of the Carpinion betuli 41.24 Stellario-Carpinetum oak-hornbeam forests Oak-hornbeam forests
 
 
Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines 41.4 Tilio-Acerion ravine forests Mixed woodland on base-rich soils associated with rocky slopes
Yes
 
Old acidophilous oak woods with Quercus robur on sandy plains 41.51 Dry oak-dominated woodland
 
 
Old sessile oak woods with Ilex and Blechnum in the British Isles 41.53 Old oak woods with Ilex and Blechnum in the British Isles Western acidic oak woodland
 
Yes
Caledonian forest 42.51 Caledonian forest
Yes
Yes
Bog woodland
44.A1 to 44.A4 Bog woodland
Yes
 
Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae) 44.3 Residual alluvial forests (Alnion glutinoso-incanae) Alder woodland on floodplains
Yes
 
Taxus baccata woods of the British Isles 42.A71 to 42.A73 Taxus baccata woods Yew-dominated woodland
Yes
Yes
Vertigo geyeri
  Geyer's whorl snail
 
 
Vertigo angustior   Narrow-mouthed whorl snail
 
 
Vertigo genesii   Round-mouthed whorl snail
 
 
Vertigo moulinsiana   Desmoulin's whorl snail
 
Yes
Anisus vorticulus   Ram's-horn snail
 
 
Margaritifera margaritifera   Freshwater pearl mussel
 
Yes
Coenagrion mercuriale   Southern damselfly
 
 
Euphydryas (Eurodryas, Hypodryas) aurinia Euphydryas aurinia Marsh fritillary butterfly
 
Yes
Limoniscus violaceus   Violet click beetle
 
 
Gortyna borelii lunata   Fisher's estuarine moth
 
 
Lucanus cervus   Stag beetle
 
 
Austropotamobius pallipes   White-clawed (or Atlantic stream) crayfish
 
 
Petromyzon marinus   Sea lamprey
 
 
Lampetra planeri   Brook lamprey
 
 
Lampetra fluviatilis   River lamprey
 
Yes
Alosa alosa
  Allis shad
 
 
Alosa fallax   Twaite shad
 
 
Salmo salar   Atlantic salmon
 
Yes
Cobitis taenia   Spined loach
 
 
Cottus gobio   Bullhead
 
 
Triturus cristatus
  Great crested newt
 
 
Rhinolophus hipposideros   Lesser horseshoe bat
 
 
Rhinolophus ferrumequinum   Greater horseshoe bat
 
 
Barbastella barbastellus   Barbastelle
 
 
Myotis bechsteinii   Bechstein's bat
 
 
Tursiops truncatus   Bottlenose dolphin
 
 
Phocoena phocoena   Harbour porpoise
 
 
Lutra lutra   Otter
 
Yes
Halichoerus grypus   Grey seal
 
Yes
Phoca vitulina   Common seal
 
Yes
Buxbaumia viridis (Moug.) Moug. & Nestl.   Green shield-moss
 
 
Marsupella profunda Lindb.   Western rustwort
Yes
 
Drepanocladus (Hamatocaulis) vernicosus (Mitt.) Warnst. Drepanocladus vernicosus Slender green feather-moss
 
 
Petalophyllum ralfsii (Wils.) Nees & Gott.   Petalwort
 
Yes
Trichomanes speciosum Willd.   Killarney fern
 
 
Rumex rupestris Le Gall   Shore dock
 
Yes
Saxifraga hirculus L.
  Marsh saxifrage
 
 
Apium repens (Jacq.) Lag.   Creeping marshwort
 
 
Gentianella anglica (Pugsley) E.F. Warburg   Early gentian
 
Yes
Luronium natans (L.) Raf.   Floating water-plantain
 
 
Najas flexilis (Willd.) Rostk. & W.L. Schmidt   Slender naiad
 
 
Cypripedium calceolus L.   Lady's-slipper orchid
 
 
Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.   Fen orchid
 
 

 


1 It is assumed that 7130 Blanket bogs is active and therefore a priority habitat at all sites where this is a qualifying feature.