1.2.2 Species of European interest

 

The strategy for conservation of species set out in the Directive is more complex than that for habitat types. It comprises measures related to site designation for species listed in Annex II, strict protection of all populations of species listed in Annex IV, and the managed exploitation of species listed in Annex V. A number of species are listed in more than one Annex. The present report is concerned only with the process of site selection and so considers only Annex II species.

Annex II (as amended by the 2003 Treaty of Accession) lists 788 species, of which 61 have been recorded in the UK (excluding Gibraltar) since 1900. A sub-set of species listed in Annex II are considered to be particularly rare or endangered and are defined as 'priority species'. Only one of these, the liverwort 1390 Western rustwort Marsupella profunda, is known to currently occur as a native in the UK.

 

Of the 61 Annex II species that have been recorded in the UK in the past century, 21 have not had specific sites proposed (Table 1.3), mostly because they are extinct in the UK or have been recorded only as non-natives or vagrants (see Section 1.5.2.5). A full list of species currently resident in the UK is provided. The site selection rationale for 1351 Harbour porpoise Phocoena phocoena is still being considered by the UK conservation agencies, together with the two UK native species added to Annex II in 2003, 4056 Ram's-horn snail Anisus vorticulus and 4035 Fisher's estuarine moth Gortyna borelii lunata.


Table 1.3 Annex II species recorded in the UK since 1900 for which no SACs have been proposed

EU code

Species name (* indicates priority species)

Reason sites not selected

 

Invertebrates

 

1041

Oxygastra curtisii (Orange-spotted emerald dragonfly)

Extinct in UK

1060

Lycaena dispar
(Large copper butterfly)

Extinct in UK, despite reintroduction attempts

1078

*Callimorpha (Euplagia, Panaxia) quadripunctaria (Jersey tiger)

Migrant to UK; established breeding populations are believed to derive from introductions

1088

Cerambyx cerdo
(A longhorn beetle)

Extinct in UK

4035

Gortyna borelii lunata
(Fisher's estuarine moth)

Selection rationale still under consideration

4056

Anisus vorticulus
(A ram's-horn snail)

Selection rationale still under consideration

 

Fish

 

1101

*Acipenser sturio (Sturgeon)

Vagrant in UK waters

1105

Hucho hucho (Danubian salmon)

Introduced non-native

1113

*Coregonus oxyrhincus (Houting)

Believed extinct in UK

1134

Rhodeus sericeus amarus (Bitterling)

Introduced non-native

1141

Chalcalburnus chalcoides
(Danubian bleak)

Introduced non-native

2011

Umbra krameri
(European mudminnow)

Introduced non-native

 

Amphibians

 

1167

Triturus carnifex
(
Italian crested newt)
Introduced non-native

 

Reptiles

 

1220

Emys orbicularis
(European pond terrapin)

Introduced non-native

1224

*Caretta caretta
(Loggerhead turtle)

Vagrant or occasional visitor in UK waters

1227

Chelonia mydas (Green turtle)

Vagrant or occasional visitor in UK waters

 

Mammals

 

1324

Myotis myotis (Mouse-eared bat)

Believed extinct in UK

1351

Phocoena phocoena
(Harbour porpoise)

Selection rationale still under consideration

 

Plants

 

1638

Armeria pseudarmeria
(Estoril thrift)

Introduced non-native; possibly extinct in wild

1862

Narcissus cyclamineus
(
Cyclamen-flowered daffodil)
Introduced non-native

4093

Rhododendron luteum
(Yellow azalea)

Introduced non-native

In addition to the species listed in Table 1.3, experimental reintroduction of 1337 European beaver Castor fiber (long extinct in the UK) has been proposed, but no licence for this work has been granted (see Section 1.5.2.5).

 

 
 

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