Marine Pressures and Impacts
Coastal and marine ecosystems are subject to
pressures associated with a variety of human activities. Concern
over the possible impacts of anthropogenic pressures on these
ecosystems has led to the development of national, regional, and
global commitments that aim to preserve and, where possible,
mitigate impacts on marine biodiversity. JNCC works to develop our
understanding of how these human activities and pressures interact
with the marine environment and thus what their potential impacts
Areas of work at JNCC include:
· Research into the
links between activities and associated pressures (e.g. fishing
activity with abrasion pressure).
cataloguing and mapping of data showing the spatial location of
marine activities and associated pressures.
· Studies assessing
the sensitivity of benthic habitats and species to marine
· Mapping the
exposure of marine biodiversity to human-induced pressures and
determining how vulnerable they are to associated
The information gained through this work can
be used to:
Assist MPA designation and
the provision of conservation advice.
Inform risk-based assessments in support of marine biodiversity
Facilitate discussions on management measures for MPAs.
Advise marine industry in relation
to environmental impact assessments (principally oil and gas,
marine aggregate dredging, fishing and the renewable energy
Inform the development of indicators to assess habitat condition
(see Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD))