SPA description
(information as published 2001)

Foulness (Mid-Essex Coast Phase 5)

image: SPA location map 

 

Foulness is located on the coast of Essex, on the east coast of England north of the mouth of the Thames estuary. The site is part of an open coast estuarine system comprising grazing marsh, saltmarsh, intertidal mud-flats, cockle-shell banks and sand-flats. It includes one of the three largest continuous sand-silt flats in the UK. The diversity of high quality coastal habitats present support important populations of breeding, migratory and wintering waterbirds, notably very important concentrations of Dark-bellied Brent Goose Branta bernicla bernicla.

 

Foulness is an integral component of the phased Mid-Essex Coast SPA.
 
For more information see Phased, extended and subsumed SPAs  
 

Qualifying species

For individual species accounts visit the Species Accounts section


This site qualifies under Article 4.1 of the Directive (79/409/EEC) by supporting populations of European importance of the following species listed on Annex I of the Directive:
 
During the breeding season;
 
Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta, 46 pairs representing at least 7.8% of the breeding population in Great Britain (RBBP 1996)
 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo, 220 pairs representing at least 1.8% of the breeding population in Great Britain (Count, as at 1996)
 
Little Tern Sterna albifrons, 24 pairs representing at least 1.0% of the breeding population in Great Britain (5 year mean, 1992-1996)
 
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis, 320 pairs representing at least 2.3% of the breeding population in Great Britain (5 year mean, 1992-1996)
 
Over winter;
 
Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta, 100 individuals representing at least 7.9% of the wintering population in Great Britain (5 year peak mean 1991/2 - 1995/6)
 
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica, 7,639 individuals representing at least 14.4% of the wintering population in Great Britain (5 year peak mean 1991/2 - 1995/6)
 
Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria, 3,359 individuals representing at least 1.3% of the wintering population in Great Britain (5 year peak mean 1991/2 - 1995/6)
 
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus, 6 individuals representing at least 0.8% of the wintering population in Great Britain (3 year mean 1994/5-1996/7)
 
This site also qualifies under Article 4.2 of the Directive (79/409/EEC) by supporting populations of European importance of the following migratory species:
 
On passage;
 
Redshank Tringa totanus, 2,144 individuals representing at least 1.2% of the Eastern Atlantic - wintering population (5 year peak mean 1991/2 - 1995/6)
 
Over winter;
 
Dark-bellied Brent Goose Branta bernicla bernicla, 13,075 individuals representing at least 4.4% of the wintering Western Siberia/Western Europe population (5 year peak mean 1991/2 - 1995/6)
 
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola, 4,209 individuals representing at least 2.8% of the wintering Eastern Atlantic - wintering population (5 year peak mean 1991/2 - 1995/6)
 
Knot Calidris canutus, 40,429 individuals representing at least 11.6% of the wintering Northeastern Canada/Greenland/Iceland/Northwestern Europe population (5 year peak mean 1991/2 - 1995/6)
 
Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus, 11,756 individuals representing at least 1.3% of the wintering Europe & Northern/Western Africa population (5 year peak mean 1991/2 - 1995/6)
 
Assemblage qualification: A wetland of international importance.
 
The area qualifies under Article 4.2 of the Directive (79/409/EEC) by regularly supporting at least 20,000 waterfowl
 
Over winter, the area regularly supports 107,468 individual waterfowl (5 year peak mean 1991/2 - 1995/6) including: Redshank Tringa totanus, Curlew Numenius arquata, Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa islandica, Dunlin Calidris alpina alpina, Lapwing Vanellus vanellus, Wigeon Anas penelope, Shelduck Tadorna tadorna, Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis, Knot Calidris canutus, Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola, Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus, Dark-bellied Brent Goose Branta bernicla bernicla, Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica, Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria, Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta

 


Note:

Many designated sites are on private land: the listing of a site in these pages does not imply any right of public access.
 
Note that sites selected for waterbird species on the basis of their occurrence in the breeding, passage or winter periods also provide legal protection for these species when they occur at other times of the year.