SPA description
(information as published 2001)

Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast

image: SPA location map 


Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast SPA is located on the coast of north-east England. It includes a range of coastal habitats – sand- and mud-flats, rocky shore, saltmarsh, freshwater marsh and sand dunes – on and around an estuary which has been considerably modified by human activities. Together these habitats provide feeding and roosting opportunities for important numbers of waterbirds in winter and during passage periods. In summer Little Tern Sterna albifrons breed on beaches within the site, while Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis are abundant on passage. 


Qualifying species

For individual species accounts visit the Species Accounts section

This site qualifies under Article 4.1 of the Directive (79/409/EEC) by supporting populations of European importance of the following species listed on Annex I of the Directive:
During the breeding season;
Little Tern Sterna albifrons, 37 pairs representing at least 1.5% of the breeding population in Great Britain (4 year mean 1993-1996)
On passage;
Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis, 2,190 individuals representing at least 5.2% of the population in Great Britain (5 year mean 1991-1995)
This site also qualifies under Article 4.2 of the Directive (79/409/EEC) by supporting populations of European importance of the following migratory species:
On passage;
Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula, 634 individuals representing at least 1.3% of the Europe/Northern Africa - wintering population (5 yr mean spring 91-95)
Over winter;
Knot Calidris canutus, 4,190 individuals representing at least 1.2% of the wintering Northeastern Canada/Greenland/Iceland/Northwestern Europe population (5 year peak mean 1991/2 - 1995/6)
Redshank Tringa totanus, 1,648 individuals representing at least 1.1% of the wintering Eastern Atlantic - wintering population (5 year peak mean 87-91)

 Assemblage qualification: A wetland of international importance.


The area qualifies under Article 4.2 of the Directive (79/409/EEC) by regularly supporting at least 20,000 waterfowl
Over winter, the area regularly supports 21,406 individual waterfowl (5 year peak mean 1991/2 - 1995/6) including: Sanderling Calidris alba, Lapwing Vanellus vanellus, Shelduck Tadorna tadorna, Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo, Redshank Tringa totanus, Knot Calidris canutus.



Many designated sites are on private land: the listing of a site in these pages does not imply any right of public access.
Note that sites selected for waterbird species on the basis of their occurrence in the breeding, passage or winter periods also provide legal protection for these species when they occur at other times of the year.