Lendalfoot Hills Complex

Site details

UK map showing location of Lendalfoot Hills Complex Special Area of Conservation/Site of Community Importance.
Location of Lendalfoot Hills Complex SAC/SCI/cSAC


When undertaking an appropriate assessment of impacts at a site, all features of European importance (both primary and non-primary) need to be considered.

Annex I habitats that are a primary reason for selection of this site

6230 Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe)  * Priority feature
Lendalfoot Hills is one of five sites representing relatively low-altitude oceanic species-rich Nardus grasslands in western Scotland. This is the most southerly site where maritime species occur inland. The only NVC type present is CG10 Festuca ovinaAgrostis capillarisThymus praecox grassland. This occurs both in a dry form with yarrow Achillea millefolium, white clover Trifolium repens, spring sedge Carex caryophyllea and lady’s-bedstraw Galium verum, and a wet flushed form with flea sedge C. pulicaris, sea plantain Plantago maritima and purging flax Linum catharticum. Mixed forms are widespread. The low-altitude flora is species-rich, and includes crested hair-grass Koeleria macrantha, meadow oat-grass Helictotrichon pratense, common rock-rose Helianthemum nummularium and tufted vetch Vicia cracca, giving a grassland with floristic elements that are more usually associated with 6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia). The northern flora is less well-developed, with a lady’s mantle Alchemilla glabra, northern bedstraw Galium boreale and bitter-vetch Lathyrus linifolius present. The underlying rocks are of serpentine and other ultra-basic rocks, and the grasslands occur in unusual mosaics with black bog-rush Schoenus nigricans-rich 4010 Northern Atlantic wet heaths with Erica tetralix and 7230 Alkaline fens.
7230 Alkaline fens
On the Lendalfoot Hills there is a well-developed series of Alkaline fens belonging to M9 Carex rostrataCalliergon cuspidatum mire and M10 Carex dioicaPinguicula vulgaris mire. They are developed over base-rich serpentine rocks and are representative of this habitat in southern Scotland. The fens occur in a range of hydrological situations such as topogenous basin fens, soligenous tracks or soakways in valley fen or wet heath and as spring-fed fens. Some of the CarexPinguicula mires have an abundance of black bog-rush Schoenus nigricans. The Alkaline fens grade to a range of base-poor fens, wet heaths and species-rich grasslands.

Annex I habitats present as a qualifying feature, but not a primary reason for selection of this site

4010 Northern Atlantic wet heaths with Erica tetralix
4030 European dry heaths
6130 Calaminarian grasslands of the Violetalia calaminariae
7140 Transition mires and quaking bogs

Annex II species that are a primary reason for selection of this site

Not applicable.

Annex II species present as a qualifying feature, but not a primary reason for site selection

Not applicable.

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